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DYSLEXIA

Developmental reading disorder (DRD), also called dyslexia, is a reading disability that occurs when the brain does not properly recognize and process certain symbols. It is not caused by vision problems. The disorder is a specific information processing problem that does not interfere with one’s ability to think or to understand complex ideas. Most people with DRD have normal intelligence, and many have above-average intelligence.

 

Although all individuals with dyslexia have difficulties in language processing and learning, the symptoms and severity can be quite different.  Dyslexia is characterized by difficulties with accurate and/or fluent word reading and by poor spelling and decoding abilities. These difficulties typically result from a deficit in the phonological component of language and are unexpected in relation to other cognitive abilities and classroom instruction. A secondary consequence is often problems in reading comprehension.

 

Children with DRD may have trouble rhyming and separating the sounds in spoken words. These abilities appear to be critical in the process of learning to read. A child’s initial reading skills are based on word recognition, which involves being able to separate out the sounds in words and match them with letters and groups of letters. More developed reading skills require the linking of words into a coherent sentence. Because DRD children have difficulty connecting the sounds of language to the letters of words, they may have difficulty understanding sentences.

 

Most children with DRD have normal intelligence, and many have above-average intelligence. The disorder is a specific information processing problem that is not connected with the ability to think or to understand complex ideas.

DRD may appear in combination with developmental writing disorder and developmental arithmetic disorder. All of these involve using symbols to convey information. These conditions may appear alone or in any combination.

 

SYMPTOMS OF DYSLEXIA

 

  1. Difficulty rhyming
  2. Difficulty learning letters and writing them in order
  3. Reads word correctly on one page, but not on the next
  4. Understands phonics, but has difficulty sounding out and unfamiliar word
  5. Difficulty determining the meaning of a simple sentence
  6. Slow, inaccurate and labored reading
  7. Adds or leaves out letters in words (fight for flight)
  8. Difficulty learning to recognize written words
  9. Makes substitutions with similar words (paint for plant)
  10. Confuses order of letters in words
  11. Reads just first letter of word and assumes remainder of word
  12. Has difficulty remembering spelling of words
  13. Does not pay attention to punctuation when reading aloud
  14. Has difficulty copying from board
  15. Listening comprehension is better than reading comprehension

 

 

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